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Version: june-2022

How to develop a Worker program in TypeScript

Create a Worker with Worker.create() (which establishes the initial gRPC connection), then call on it (to start polling the Task Queue).

Below is an example of starting a Worker that polls the Task Queue named tutorial.

taskQueue is the only required option, but you will also use workflowsPath and activities to register Workflows and Activities with the Worker.

A full example for Workers looks like this:

import {Worker, NativeConnection} from "@temporalio/worker";
import * as activities from "./activities";

async function run() {
const connection = await NativeConnection.connect({
address: "", // defaults port to 7233 if not specified
tls: {
// set to true if TLS without mTLS
// See docs for other TLS options
clientCertPair: {
crt: clientCert,
key: clientKey,

const worker = await Worker.create({
namespace: "", // as explained in Namespaces section
// ...

run().catch((err) => {

See below for more Worker options.

Workflow and Activity registration

Workers bundle Workflow code and node_modules using Webpack v5 and execute them inside V8 isolates. Activities are directly required and run by Workers in the Node.js environment.

Workers are very flexible – you can host any or all of your Workflows and Activities on a Worker, and you can host multiple Workers in a single machine.

There are three main things the Worker needs:

  • taskQueue: the Task Queue to poll. This is the only required argument.
  • activities: Optional. Imported and supplied directly to the Worker. Not the path.
  • Workflow bundle:
  • Either specify a workflowsPath to your workflows.ts file to pass to Webpack, e.g., require.resolve('./workflows'). Workflows will be bundled with their dependencies, which you can fine-tune with nodeModulesPaths.
  • Or pass a prebuilt bundle to workflowBundle instead if you prefer to handle the bundling yourself.

Additional Worker Options

This is a selected subset of options you are likely to use. Even more advanced options, particularly for performance tuning, are available in the API reference.

nodeModulesPathsArray of paths of Workflow dependencies to pass to Webpack. Defaults to the first encountered node_modules directory when scanning the filesystem starting with workflowsPath.
dataConverterEncodes and decodes data entering and exiting a Temporal Server. Supports undefined, UintBArray, and JSON.
sinksAllows injection of Workflow Sinks (Advanced feature: see Logging docs)
interceptorsA mapping of interceptor type to a list of factories or module paths (Advanced feature: see Interceptors)

Operation guides: